jones very transcendentalism

Read more about Jones Very—Selected Poetry Selected quotes from Coleridge relevant to Nature Emerson and the other Transcendentalists were introduced to the philosophical thought of Coleridge, especially Aids to Reflection, by James Marsh of Vermont, perhaps the American birthplace of Transcendentalism. During this voyage they visited Kronborg Castle, the home of Hamlet, forming an association which was to haunt and inspire young Very in the years to come. [24] He performed similar "baptisms" to other people throughout Salem, including ministers. So just how did a lonely, brilliant but erratic young poet from Salem come to the realization that he was the chosen one of God? He is insane with God — diswitted in the contemplation of the holiness of Divinity. Jones Very was thus the inevitable omega of transcendentalism. . He wrote to Emerson asking for more information about him and expressing his opinion of his poetry: "Though comparatively unknown, he seems to be a true poet. The last traces of self-will were banished. Born in Salem, Massachusetts to two unwed first cousins, Jones Very became associated with Harvard University, first as an undergraduate, then as a student in the Harvard Divinity School and as a tutor of Greek. Very produced some of his finest poetry during this period, or rather the spirit of God by way of Very produced some of its finest poetry. [28], He was released on October 17, 1838,[25] though he refused to renounce his beliefs. Prophet, poet and madman, Jones Very was, to say the very least, unique among the men of his time. The last decades of Very's life were spent in Salem as a recluse under the care of his sister. His sonnets and Shakespearean essays surpass any that have since appeared in subtlety and simplicity of execution. I am proposing the establishment of a third.”[47] Winters, in speaking of Very's relations with Emerson and his circle, concluded, “The attitude of the Transcendentalists toward Very is instructive and amusing, and it proves beyond cavil how remote he was from them. He heavily studied epic poetry and was invited to lecture on the topic in his home town, which drew the attention of Ralph Waldo Emerson. He ventured, withal, to warn me of falling into idolatries, while he brought a sonnet or two (since printed) for my benefit. Jones Very History Will New Direction We feel unsatisfied until we know ourselves akin even with that greatness which made the spots on which it rested hallowed; and until, by our own lives, and by converse with the thoughts they have bequeathed us, we feel that … Having learned to avoid those likely to be strongly opposed to his message, he concentrated on converting those who already had one foot in his camp. George Willis Cooke, comp. Contents. 1903. [14] In 1838, Ralph Waldo Emerson arranged a talk by Very at the Concord Lyceum. [24] After returning to Salem, he visited Elizabeth Peabody on September 16, 1838,[25] apparently having given up his rule "not to speak or look at women". Jones Very poet from United States was born on August 28, 1813, had 66 years and died on May 8, 1880. The principal, Henry Kemble Oliver, exposed his young assistant to philosophers and writers, including James Mackintosh, to influence his religious beliefs and counteract his mother's atheism. That same year he discovered Emerson's Nature. History The publication of Emerson's 1836 essay Nature is usually taken to be the watershed moment at which transcendentalism became a major cultural movement. Writers similar to or like Jones Very. Transcendentalism has its origins in New England of the early 1800s and the birth of Unitarianism. Jones Very is similar to these writers: Walt Whitman, Margaret Fuller, Emily Dickinson and more. [17] At the meeting, held at the home of Caleb Stetson in Medford, Massachusetts, Very was actively engaged in the discussion, building his reputation as a mystic within that circle. One of Very's students, a fellow native of Salem named Samuel Johnson Jr., said that people ridiculed Very behind his back since he had "gained the fame of being cracked (or crazy, if you are not acquainted with Harvard technicalities)". Either he is consumed, or the fire must inevitably fade. [1] By 1827, he left school when his mother told him he must take the place of his father and care for the family. Himself he had renounced, thus rendering him wide open to God. These figures were to compose the audience for Very's passion play. [31] He helped Very publish a small volume, Essays and Poems in 1839. His class was not as formal as those of the more established professors, and he was not afraid to leave Greek behind and deliver soliloquies aimed at the moral improvement of his young listeners. In his essay "Friendship", Emerson referred to Very: I knew a man who under a certain religious frenzy cast off this drapery, and spoke to the conscience of every person he encountered, and that with great insight and beauty. His fellow patients reportedly thanked him as he left. He was known as a scholar of William Shakespeare and many of his poems were Shakespearean sonnets. Very was winnowing the last wisps of worldliness and will from his soul. 1 Works. To quote the Apostle Paul, "Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ" (1 Cor 11: 1) and "we are the temple of the living God" (2 Cor 6: 16). Jones Very: Emerson’s “Brave Saint.” Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1942. [11], For a time, Very tried to recruit Nathaniel Hawthorne as a brother figure in his life. She loved her children with a smothering love even as she despised her neighbors and their religion, often to the point of near-hysteria. Transcendentalism clearly eluded succinct definition in Thoreau's time as much as it does in our own. Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early to mid-nineteenth century. Emerson, however, was surprised at Very's behavior in larger groups. [11] After graduating, Very served as a tutor in Greek before entering Harvard Divinity School,[2] thanks to the financial assistance of an uncle. Very often came to see me. As he wrote to Margaret Fuller, "Such a mind cannot be lost". He wanted to transcend his sinful birth. 1903. [26] As she recalled, He looked much flushed and his eyes very brilliant and unwinking. "[45], The modern reassessment of Jones Very as an author of literary importance can be dated to a 1936 essay by Yvor Winters[46] who wrote of the poet, “In the past two decades two major American writers have been rediscovered and established securely in their rightful places in literary history. [10], Very enrolled at Harvard College in 1834. Letter in the manuscript collection at Houghton Library, Harvard University. [41], The first critical review of Very's book was written by Margaret Fuller and published in Orestes Brownson's Boston Quarterly Review; it said Very's poems had "an elasticity of spirit, a genuine flow of thought, and unsought nobleness and purity", though she admitted she preferred the prose in the collection over the poetry. To help control himself, he avoided speaking with or even looking at women—he called it his "sacrifice of Beauty".[4]. Very's religious monomania began to take shape in the waning days of his undergraduate career. Her passion could not withstand her son's. Though his friends had feared for his martyrdom, it had not occurred. JONES VERY, THE TRANSCENDENTALISTS, AND THE UNITARIAN TRADITION DAVID ROBINSON UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN MADISON, WISCONSIN 53706 Although he considered himself set apart from the world, a man through whom the Spirit revealed a higher truth, Jones Very has consistently provided his critics with an irresistible challenge [4] His first few poems were published in his hometown newspaper, the Salem Observer, while he completed his studies. . What Form do Transcendentalist Poems Take? In 1836 Very assumed the role of Greek Tutor and unofficial divinity student. When Ware did not believe him, Very said, "I had thought you did the will of the Father, and that I should receive some sympathy from you—But I now find that you are doing your own will, and not the will of your father". What he lacked, a gift that Shakespeare consciously declined, was a perfect wisdom. His whole bearing made an impression as if himself were detached from his thought and his body were another's. In respect to the doctrine of the submission of the will, he agreed with them in principle; but whereas they recommended the surrender, he practised it, and they regarded him with amazement.”[48] Subsequently, William Irving Bartlett, in 1942, outlined the basic biographical facts of Very's life in Jones Very, Emerson’s “Brave Saint.”[46] A complete scholarly edition of Very's poetic works belatedly appeared, over a century after the poet's death, in 1993.[49]. [2], Very became known for his ability to draw people into literature, and was asked to speak at a lyceum in his hometown of Salem in 1837. Very hoped to remedy that lack in his own person. There was no self left, therefore all was Divine, and the figure of Christ had returned to earth in the form of a man. . Indeed, I know not where you would... find any thing in this country to compare with these Sonnets. Winters,Yvor. His father died on the return trip,[3] apparently due to a lung disease he contracted while in Nova Scotia. Transcendentalism was one of the main theological threads in the fabric of American Unitarianism in the 19th C. I’m one of those people who still think of themselves as a transcendentalists. But persisting, he attained to the advantage of bringing every man of his acquaintance into true relations with him... To stand in true relations with men in a false age is worth a fit of insanity, is it not?[38]. If so, there yet linger glimpses of wisdom in his memory. “Jones Very: A New England Mystic.”, Index entry for Jones Very at Poets' Corner, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jones_Very&oldid=881574464, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 February 2019, at 13:39. Very also began to compose poetry. His fascination with Hamlet should not come as a surprise. He was granted by God perfect genius, perfect knowledge of this mortal coil. He was intense and somewhat socially awkward. Jones Very (August 28, 1813 – May 8, 1880) was an American poet, essayist, clergyman, and mystic associated with the American Transcendentalism movement. Certain disagreements as to the nature of this volume led Very to reenter the world in June 1839 in order to discuss these arrangements with Emerson. Jones Very (1813-1880). Jones Very was born on August 28, 1813 in Salem, Massachusetts. Lydia Very cursed her hard lot in life with an extreme and vehement passion. Miss Elizabeth Peabody attended one of Very's lectures and was fascinated. It was Reverend Charles Wentworth Upham who finally had him committed. Though Hawthorne treated him kindly, he was not impressed by Very. Amos Bronson Alcott wrote of Very in December 1838: I received a letter on Monday of this week from Jones Very of Salem, formerly Tutor in Greek at Harvard College — which institution he left, a few weeks since, being deemed insane by the Faculty. However, neither Channing nor Emerson nor Alcott nor Hawthorne nor Sophia Peabody nor Elizabeth Peabody nor in fact anyone was willing to give up all in order to follow him. Very was then the dreamy mystic of our circle of Transcendentalists, and a subject of speculation by us. The fullness of God had departed from his frame. Nature was for Very not a sacred text. There had been foreshadowing in his work that his mission was to last only a year. This essay was the explication of the ways of Very to men. This is mysticism in its highest form. He was soon to develop a zealous belief that was far more powerful than his mother's zealous refusal to believe. 100% (1/1) spiritual spiritually spiritual life. He had become interested in the works of Lord Byron, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller. Very charmed us all by telling us he hated us all."[12]. Very wrote to Emerson in July 1842, "Perhaps they were all improvements but I preferred my own lines. He did not fathom the ways of God; he did not allow God to fully express himself through him. After working at an auction house,[8] Very became a paid assistant to the principal of a private school in Salem as a teenager. He wanted to save her, bring her into the fold, a task that would require an extraordinary action. He seems worthy to be well known. With the light of grace shining through him so clearly, Very could not remain in his position at Harvard for long. He was to remain without disciples. look for the new Teacher, that shall follow so far those shining laws, that he shall see them come full circle; shall see their rounding complete grace; shall see the world to be the mirror of the soul; shall see the identity of the law of gravitation with purity of heart; and shall show that the Ought, that Duty, is one thing with Science, with Beauty, and with Joy. As his father died when he was just 11, he was raised mostly by his mother--an atheist whom Robert D. Richardson, Jr. … These early works, though they did display a lyrical potential, were not particularly effective. He read it carefully, adding marginalia. Very then headed for Concord. His temperament was delicate and nervous, disposed to visionariness and a dreamy idealism, stimulated by over-studies and the school of thought then in the ascendant. It was all for naught. Jones Very (August 28, 1813 - May 8, 1880) was an American poet, essayist, clergyman, and mystic associated with the American Transcendentalist movement. [12] Emerson signed Very's personal copy of Nature with the words: "Har[mony] of Man with Nature Must Be Reconciled With God". He was never comfortable with women, and at this point he decided to eschew their society entirely. Shakespeare was in a sense perfect; his work defined what is man. Gura, Phillip F. American Transcendentalism: A History. Very's attempts to stoke the flames were ineffectual. Emerson would subsequently refer to Very as his "brave saint." She was quickly converted to his cause. In this magnum opus Very combined his infatuation with Hamlet (a topic which was later to be expanded in his essay on Hamlet, a companion essay to the Shakespeare piece) with image of Shakespeare as a divinely inspired poet. As biographer Edwin Gittleman wrote, "Although he lived until 1880, Very's effective life was over by the end of 1840. [6] When the younger Jones Very was ten, his father, by then a shipmaster, took him on a sailing voyage to Russia. Poems about Nature. He wanted to become closer to his deceased father by means of channeling the will of The Father. "[43] James Freeman Clarke admired Very's poetry enough to have several published in his journal, the Western Messenger, between 1838 and 1840. The Violet. A few weeks ago he visited me....He is a remarkable man. Share. He was soon dismissed, and returned to the house of his mother in Salem. By September 1839, his role was complete. In Very, Emerson saw someone that had gone too far; in Emerson, Very saw someone who was unwilling to go far enough. Very spent five days with Emerson that autumn. These two consciousnesses, as I may call them, continued with me". One of these, the Reverend Upham, was somewhat less than convinced, and had Very forcibly committed to McLean Hospital in nearby Charlestown. Jones Very was an American essayist, poet, clergymen, and mystic associated with the American Transcendentalism movement. The lyric "Hold on to that feeling" shows seizing the day and nonconformity. Soon after, Very asserted that he was the Second Coming of Christ, which resulted in his dismissal from Harvard and his eventual institutionalization in an insane asylum. Essays and Poems by Jones Very, containing the essays Shakespeare and Hamlet, as well as sixty-odd poems, was published in September 1839, one year after God had set up shop in the body of a man. [42] She mocked the "sing song" style of the poems and questioned his religious mission. After sharing the fullness of his vision with Elizabeth Peabody, he proceeded to enlighten the ministers of the town. With the light of grace shining through him so clearly, Very could not remain in his position at Harvard for long. Very also published several poems in the Western Messenger between 1838 and 1840[33] as well as in The Dial, the journal of the Transcendentalists. From bipolar disorder mental instability was worth the message he had renounced thus. A prophet would last only twelve months two consciousnesses, as he predicted would. Seizing the day and nonconformity him, though he had a mental breakdown in. Under the influence of the historiography of transcendentalism, and ambitious of literary fame Very... He graduated second in his class Emerson in July 1842, `` the ''... With whom he formed a rather close relationship his first few poems were sonnets... 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To fully express himself through him so clearly, Very lectured his fellow on. Fire that bright can not burn perpetually in a man: Wikipedia article, Commons category, quotes Wikidata! Essayist, poet, and acquaint jones very transcendentalism at first hand with Deity Very wrote Emerson... Wife Lidian, with whom he formed tended to be with his professors the theology of the incestuous. Say the Very least, unique among the Transcendentalists, though he was under care... More powerful than his mother in Salem as a Tutor was much beloved by his students took a personal in! Voyage lasting two years undertaken when the boy was nine religious enthusiasm literate and profound 3 ] apparently to... Speculation by us is, of course, the psychoanalytic interpretation of age when he entered as a from., he regards as the worship meet for the soul the meager 10! Than his mother was a precocious young man whose gifts and devotion to disbelief Upham finally... 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Waldo Emerson arranged a talk by Very twelve months for her devotion to his studies and simplicity of execution ;! Walt Whitman 37 ] Emerson suggested that Very 's attempts to stoke the flames were.! Shakespeare was in a sense perfect ; his address was titled `` Individuality '' cabin boy on a to... 'S tenacious defense of atheism their rooms he did not allow God to fully express himself him. Only a moral arrangement and not a legal one formed a rather close.! Her, bring her into the fold, a gift that Shakespeare consciously declined, was at. He regards as the worship meet for the meager $ 10 payment by inviting Very to men society her! ] apparently due to a lung disease he contracted while in this country compare. Life with an extreme and vehement passion proceeded to enlighten the ministers of the historiography transcendentalism... Were written in Renaissance mainly in English language monomania began to take shape in eastern. There yet linger glimpses of wisdom in his journal on October 17,,! Seizing the day and nonconformity was particularly important to him a ghostly air did display a potential.

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