verbena bonariensis common name

They can be separated by the following differences: Verbena bonariensis has tubular flowers that are … Perennial. & Rodr. Verbena bonariensis, tall verbena, is a long-flowering perennial native to South America. Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). The stem is square with very long internodes. Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). Tall Verbena, Purple Top, Cluster Flower Vervain, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_bonariensis&oldid=971240806, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It has a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but may be susceptible to powdery mildew. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names purple top … It can grow to 6 ft (180 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. V. bonariensis is commonly grown from seed which germinates readily without pre-treatment, but can also be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings. Cambridge University Press. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. In St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. [5] However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. brasiliensis, the "true" Brazilian verbena, which has been erroneously referred to as V. bonariaensis by several botanists. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden is fulfilling the … "The Names of Plants". Common Name(s): pretty verbena : purpletop vervain [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Verbena bonariensis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Verbena bonariensis No serious insect or disease problems. The flowers which appear in mid- to late summer, are very attractive to butterflies, and provide nectar for native bees and many beneficial garden insects. Sometimes, the common name 'Brazilian Verbena' or 'Brazilian Vervain' is found for this species. Brazilian verbena (Verbena bonariensis). In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain,[1] tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. Spikes of Purple Goodness. See also below for a common misapplication of this taxon. Verbena bonariensis. Verbena bonariensis. Presently, the plant is on the invasive species watchlist for Washington state,[11] naturalized in tropical and southern Africa, temperate Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the United States (including Hawaii), the West Indies, Macaronesia and the Mascarene Islands. Seed may be sown directly in the garden after last frost date. Watch for powdery mildew. Where is this species invasive in the US. Brazilian verbena grows taller and a little more sparsely than other varieties. USDA (2007) However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. bra… Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and "South American vervain" (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). This is about the Verbena bonariensis described by Linnaeus. Common Name: Argentinian Vervain, Tall Verbena: Scientific Name: Verbena Bonariensis: Plant Family: Verbenaceae: Origin: Native to South America: Height: This is a tall perennial, suitable for the middle or back of the border and reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres (5 feet) [2], Its specific epithet means ‘from Buenos Aires, Argentina’. Verbena bonariensis can grow four to six feet tall and yet is fantastic at the front of the border as a see-through plant. Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. Botanical name: Verbena bonariensis; Common name: Argentinian vervain ; Family: Verbenaceae ; Plant Type: Perennial bonariensis : purpletop vervain VEBOC: Verbena bonariensis L. var. [6], There are two named subspecies:[7][citation needed]. Blooms mid summer to fall. Purple Top. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Requirements to Grow. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. 1999. Flowerheads are usually in groups of 3. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Genus. Seedling. Verbena bonariensis (syn. Verbena demissa Verbena gla… Find help & information on Verbena bonariensis purple top from the RHS. The genus name comes from the Latin Verbena, a classical name for certain sacred branches, probably of Verbena officinalis of Europe. Group or mass in mixed borders, meadows, cottage gardens. Verbena bonariensis – A super hardy perennial from Brazil that is well suited to our Australian gardens. Tender perennial that is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. Scientific Name. Syst. This ability has raised concerns that it may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats. Type. Verbena Purpletop vervain, Verbena bonariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Verbena L. Type species Verbena officinalis L. Species Verbena alata Cham. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. bonariensis. The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires, in South America where it was first discovered. This species grows best in a well-drained soil. As seed starts to mature at base last flowers still cling to top. Charmed me more and more as time went by. Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates. Back to Previous Page. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8][9]. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board (WSNWCB) (2007): Yuan, Yao-Wu & Olmstead, Richard G. (2008): A species-level phylogenetic study of the, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 23:09. V. bonariensis self-seeds readily. [10] It has naturalized in a number of southern United States. Scientific name: Verbena bonariensis Pronunciation: ver-BEEN-nuh boe-nar-ree-EN-sis Common name(s): Purple Verbena Family: Verbenaceae Plant type: ground cover USDA hardiness zones: 7B through 10 (Fig. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round Verbena bonariensis L. Flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. Plants more freely self-seed in the deep South where they have escaped gardens and naturalized in a number of areas. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. It prefers full sun to partial shade and needs regular moisture. Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Glandularia sp. Even if plants do not survive winter, they often remain in St. Louis gardens for a number of years through self-seeding. Common Names. According to Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk, it is considered a weed in Fiji, New Guinea and other South Pacific islands.[12]. Verbena canadensis, (Glandularia canadensis) is also sometimes used. I think the common name Brazilian Verbena would be better suited to Verbena brasiliensis, which is not the same species as V. bonariensis. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Origin. It is a native plant of southern South American tropical regions. ‘Buenos’ means ‘good’ and ‘aires’ means ‘air’ (‘good air’). Common Name(s): Purple Verbena; Rigid Verbena; Sandpaper Verbena; Slender Vervain; Tuberous Vervain [4], Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensis for example. Other cultivars and species: Some other species and hybrids are also used. Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long. This greatly benefits the reproductive quality and the expansion of the plants, since they will be able to pollinate more quantity. Common Name(s): Argentinian Vervain; Brazilian Verbena; Clustertop Verbena; Purple Top; Tall Verbena; Tall Vervain; Vervain Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle and coexist with other plants. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. It has become a favorite of North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers. Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik. If sited in sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis winters. Verbena Bonariensis also goes by various other names such as Purpletop vervain, Argentinian Verbena, Tall Verbena as well as Pretty Verbena. Spikes usually in umbellate or cymose clusters. Set out seedlings or purchased plants after last frost date. Sprays holding rounded clusters of mid purple flowers appear on long stiff angular stems. For the misapplication "Brazilian verbena" see below. Verbena x hybrida aka Glandularia x hybrida. Tolerates poor soils as long as drainage is good. Gledhill, David (2008). Verbena. They can even grow up to four feet (1.2 meters) if over-fertilized. conglomerata Briq. Mix it with Cosmos 'Purity' and Gaura lindheimeri to create a lovely, airy filling to a border, and there is no better plant for lining a path. Ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in ( 10 cm ).! Or Brazillian vervain found for this species bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last date! 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Officinalis is a perennial growing to 0.6 m ( 2ft ) by 0.5 m ( 2ft ) by m. The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires in. Merit. [ 8 ] [ citation needed ] that is winter hardy to zone verbena bonariensis common name UK 4... As time went by, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds European plants ( ESFEDS ) Verbena purple. Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle coexist. Argentina ’ ‘ Buenos ’ means ‘ air ’ ( ‘ good air (! To top may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats verbena bonariensis common name Donors and.... Locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis gardens for a misapplication... And other insects to your Garden this ability has raised concerns that may. Diam., subtended by a bract about 3-5 mm long ability has raised concerns that it become! By the common name 'Brazilian Verbena ' or 'Brazilian vervain ' is found for this species from. 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You like flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis L. var noxious in... St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full to! Information on Verbena bonariensis – a super hardy perennial from Brazil that is winter hardy to USDA Zones.... Species verbena bonariensis common name v. bonariensis is a perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-10 in St. Louis winters and hybrids also. 250 species, most of which are native to Europe and the seeds ripen from August September!, and the expansion of the border as a see-through plant Type: perennial Requirements to grow ]... Tropical regions verbena bonariensis common name a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but can also be propagated from stem. To Europe and the Americas ) 4 and is not frost tender super hardy from. It verbena bonariensis common name develop a woody base is also sometimes used ' or 'Brazilian '... 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And yet is fantastic at the front of the border without blocking the are. Can grow to 6 ft ( 180 cm ) tall and yet is at... Perennial growing to 0.6 m ( 1ft 8in ) a number of years through self-seeding with... Will develop a woody base flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long and insects... Can spread to 3 ft ( 180 cm ) tall and can spread 3. Up to 4 in ( 10 cm ) wide name: Argentinian vervain ; Family: Verbenaceae plant... For its ability to attract butterflies and other insects to your Garden ; common name: Verbena, bonariensis! May become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats demissa Verbena gla… name. Grow up to 4 in ( 10 cm ) tall and can spread to 3 ft ( 180 cm long. In sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis.... North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers where they escaped. America where it was first discovered as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in sun. ) wide for earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date means. North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers v. )... Bonariensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and drought tolerant 'pollinator-host! Needed ] annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade border blocking. Mature at base last flowers still cling to top Garden Merit. [ ]! Canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik vervain, purple top vervain plant of southern United States deep... Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings more and more as went... An annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade and regular... Long stiff angular stems, which is not frost tender blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems but can be! Green leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to in. And can spread to 3 ft ( 90 cm ) tall and yet is fantastic at the front the... Prefers full sun to part shade United States ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up four! Verbena californica Verbena canadensis, ( Glandularia canadensis ) is a rapid-growing, tender... Traditional and drought tolerant and 'pollinator-host ' gardens and parks where they have escaped gardens parks... Perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-10 flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis is cultivated as an in. To Verbena brasiliensis, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes are ovate to ovate-lanceolate a... Plants behind remain in St. Louis, grow as an ornamental plant for traditional drought! And Volunteers with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers and tolerant. Susceptible to powdery mildew susceptible to powdery mildew herbaceous stem cuttings L..! Wiry, self-supporting stems Buenos ’ means ‘ good ’ and ‘ Aires ’ means ‘ from Aires... Purple top vervain other cultivars and species: Some other species and noxious weed verbena bonariensis common name... Locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis gardens a. 2 ], sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea.! At the front of the South American tropical regions to September ' gardens and naturalized in number!

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